Political Structure

Angola is governed by a President who is assisted by a Vice President and a team of Ministers and Vice Ministers, all appointed by the President. Political power rests mainly with the Presidency. The Council of Ministers, composed of all government ministers and vice ministers, meets regularly to debate and approve policy issues. The central government in Luanda administers the country through 18 provinces through Governors appointed by the President. The ruling MPLA controlled 59% of the seats in the 220 member National Assembly elected in 1992. In the elections held on August 23, 2017, the ruling MPLA party got 61,08 percent of the votes, against main opposition UNITA’s 26,68 and CASA-CE coalition’s 9,45. PRS got 1,35, FNLA (0,93) and APN (0,51). These results gave MPLA 150 of a 220-seat Parliament, UNIA (51), CASA-CE (16), PRS (two) and FNLA (one). APN got none. MPLA candidate Mr. Joar Lourenco won the elections and became President.

On January 21, 2010 the National Assembly approved the new Constitution and the President promulgated the new Constitution on January 29, 2010. According to new Constitution the majority party in the National Assembly will elect the President and the Vice President.